Though SO2 too passes through the tower it is unreactive and comes out of the absorption tower. Acidic vapor or mists are formed instead of a liquid.
Finally, arsenic oxide is removed when the gas is exposed to ferric hydroxide. Therefore, it must be purified to avoid catalyst poisoning i.
The catalyst only serves to increase the rate of reaction as it does not change the position of the thermodynamic equilibrium. Sulphuric Acid Industry is very old and has been continuously adopting the technological developments.
However too low of a temperature will lower the formation rate to an uneconomical level. The industrial production of sulfuric acid involves proper control of temperatures and flow rates of the gases as both the conversion efficiency and absorption are dependent on these.
Purification of the air and sulfur dioxide SO2 is necessary to avoid catalyst poisoning i. Sulfur dioxide has many impurities such as vapours, dust particles and arsenous oxide.
The gas is then washed with water and dried with sulfuric acid. To conserve energy, the mixture is heated by exhaust gases from the catalytic converter by heat exchangers.