The war revolution and society in the twentieth century

By comparison, Stalin 'drastically rearranged and reinforced the compound of the Soviet order' by ending cultural and religious compromise and by 'crudifying' politics and hyper-centralising administrative institutions p. World War I Photos. Similarly, it is a mistake to describe the French Revolution as an isolated event, rather than the start of a process culminating in the establishment of the Third Republic in However, these same wars resulted in the destruction of the imperial system. Fascism , a movement which grew out of post-war angst and which accelerated during the Great Depression of the s, gained momentum in Italy , Germany , and Spain in the s and s, culminating in World War II , sparked by Nazi Germany 's aggressive expansion at the expense of its neighbors. Part of this aspect, they posit, is a direct result of the advances in science and technology as discussed, originally, by Philipp Blom. After the Soviet Union collapsed under internal pressure in , most of the communist governments it had supported around the world were dismantled —with the notable exceptions of China , North Korea , Cuba , Vietnam , and Laos —followed by awkward transitions into market economies. Losurdo rages that the USA was built on the genocide of the native Americans in order to seize full control of land and resources and the transportation of millions of more pliable black slaves from Africa. It is a great tribute to the country under scrutiny. The Neo-Liberal theme against which Losurdo argues here is that gradual, incremental social change is preferable to revolutionary change, because in the chaos which revolution unleashes there is an inevitable resort to terror. It would be idle to assume that her record in astounding herself, her neighbours and the world has come to an end. Nor is he some type of moral relativist, in the sense that, by understanding context we may learn to forgive atrocious behaviours. As a result, historians such as Stephane Audoin-Rouzeau, Annette Becker, and Nicholas Stargardt tend to interpret the societal and individual-based changes that occurred in a far more negative light — particularly in the aftermath of the First World War.

Losurdo also explores in detail the extent to which Germany's Nazi ideology was explicitly modelled on the American pattern, and not least the influence of Henry Ford's infamous book The International Jew, The deaths from acts of war during the two world wars alone have been estimated at between 50 and 80 million[ citation needed ].

Thus, the victorious Allies were left to deal with new groups of territories that possessed no rulers, and with borders that no longer existed due to the collapse of these former empires.

war and revolution game

By comparison, Stalin 'drastically rearranged and reinforced the compound of the Soviet order' by ending cultural and religious compromise and by 'crudifying' politics and hyper-centralising administrative institutions p.

Malaria and other diseases affected large populations.

The war revolution and society in the twentieth century

After more than four years of trench warfare in Western Europeand 20 million dead, the powers that had formed the Triple Entente FranceBritainand Russialater replaced by the United States and joined by Italy and Romania emerged victorious over the Central Powers GermanyAustria-Hungarythe Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria.

Service has produced an excellent account of Russia's troubled century.

However, these same wars resulted in the destruction of the imperial system. For example, he is not an apologist for communist mass murders, for Japanese atrocities, for the inhumanity of the Jacobin Terror. One should not forget the millions of more humble achievers who contributed to the building and staffing of schools, hospitals and other enterprises, not to mention the successive generations of babushki who kept church rituals and much else functioning. Could any single volume capture the disasters, achievements, colour, paradoxes and drama of Russia's twentieth century? This may be because, by and large, much more time is spent on consequences than causes, of Stalinism, for instance. At the beginning of the period, the British Empire was the world's most powerful nation, [11] having acted as the world's policeman for the past century. Nowhere is this more evident than in the case of Nazi Germany in the s and s. Service has produced an excellent account of Russia's troubled century. The present volume seeks to shift the attention to the local point of view through the writing of Baltic scholars. Such patriotic duty was configured as a kind of single party: political, trade union or cultural organisations that challenged it were ruthlessly suppressed. Advances in science gave way to dramatic innovations that drew people closer together and forged feelings of excitement and fear amongst Europeans toward the coming future. One might, however, dispute whether such a good balance had been maintained in other important areas. In other words, Stalin builds something distinctive which is, none the less, rooted in Lenin's practice.

Service mentions the shop window effect of the media and increasing foreign travel in and out of the USSR making more and more Soviet citizens aware of the more prosperous elements of capitalist societies. While historians may never agree on their interpretations regarding the social, political, and diplomatic changes that swept across Europe during this time period, one thing is for certain: war, revolution, science, and technology all changed the European continent and the world in a manner never before experienced.

This may be because, by and large, much more time is spent on consequences than causes, of Stalinism, for instance. World War II ushered in a period of unprecedented extremes with waves of brutal occupations, deportations, the Holocaust, the subjection of the territory to the communist experiment, and ultimately, the decimation of state sovereignty for the next four decades. If so, how? As a result, historians such as Stephane Audoin-Rouzeau, Annette Becker, and Nicholas Stargardt tend to interpret the societal and individual-based changes that occurred in a far more negative light — particularly in the aftermath of the First World War. One can do no better than to conclude with Service's own final words: '"Russia" has not stopped changing all this century. The present volume seeks to shift the attention to the local point of view through the writing of Baltic scholars. After more than four years of trench warfare in Western Europe , and 20 million dead, the powers that had formed the Triple Entente France , Britain , and Russia , later replaced by the United States and joined by Italy and Romania emerged victorious over the Central Powers Germany , Austria-Hungary , the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria.

There are several chapters on its features but much less explicit analysis of how it came about.

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War and Revolution: Rethinking the Twentieth Century by Domenico Losurdo